We are then witnessing a new layer of opacity, which has Last Database already been common in recent years in the public sector, but which is now evident in the private sector. This opacity generates significant inequalities and deepens the Last Database state's incapacity, which has seen its social investment and its ability to respond to the needs of the population diminish. The bodegones are a response to the Last Database economic crisis and the lack of confidence in the national currency and the general economy.
With the commercial Last Database opening that allowed the appearance of the bodegones, the national government sought to address the problem of scarcity that affected the national market during previous years and fill the shelves through door-to-door imports. In terms of the monetary consequences of this model, it is important to underline the loss of confidence in the bolívar. Unregulated trade: protectionism in reverse We must highlight the uneven effects of the targeted liberalization Last Database carried out by the national government. Inequality not only affects workers, but also merchants and businessmen. In this sense, not all actors in the private sector have Last Database equal access to foreign currency import and financing mechanisms that allow them to take advantage of the advantages of trade liberalization.
In Venezuela there is an endemic bureaucratic difficulty that is imposed as a barrier to Last Database doing business; This is reflected in multiple legal processes to open a business, acquire a license to sell liquor, obtain permission to import food, etc. The need to Last Database have links with government authorities that offer permits, licenses and authorizations is evident. This condition of arbitrary openness has parallels with the liberalizing reforms that took place in the former Soviet Union in the 1990s, as well as in the Russian Federation in the 2000s.12. The emergence of Russian capitalist patrimonialism is Last Database characterized by high entry costs for new investors.